1. 1902 COAL STRIKEa. What steps did Roosevelt take to solve the problem?When 140,000 coal miners in Pennsylvania went on strike and demanded a 20 percent raise, Roosevelt stepped in and called both sides to the White House,eventuallysettling the strike. It was clear to Roosevelt that the federal government was needed tointervene in an orderly mannerwhen a strike was threatening public welfare.
b. Which legislation helped solve the problem?
the federal government stepped in to end the strike.2. TRUSTSa. What steps did Roosevelt take to solve the problem?Roosevelt did not believe that all trusts were harmful. In 1902, Roosevelt made newspaper headlines as atrust-busterwhen he ordered the JusticeDepartmentto sue the NorthernSecuritiesCompany, which had established a monopoly over northwestern railroads. Roosevelt"s administration filed 44 antitrust suits. b. Which legislation helped solve the problem?TheSupremeCourt dissolved the Northern Securities Company in 1904.

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3. UNREGULATED BIG BUSINESSa. What steps did Roosevelt take to solve the problem?
One of Roosevelt"s real goals was federal regulation. Roosevelt urged for Congress to pass the Elkins Act in 1903. Roosevelt had to compromise with conservative senators who opposed the Hepburn Act of 1906, but the passage boosted the government"s power to regulate therailroads.b. Which legislation helped solve the problem?Congress passed the Interstate Commerce Act in 1887, which prohibited wealthy railroad owners from colluding to fix high prices by diving the business in a given area. Congress passed the Elkins Act in 1903, which made it illegal for railroadofficialsto give, and shippers toreceive, rebates for using particular railroads. The Hepburn Act of 1906 strictly limited the distribution of free railroad passes. 4. DANGEROUS FOODS AND MEDICINESa. What steps did Roosevelt take to solve the problem?After reading Upton Sinclair"s novel The Jungle, Roosevelt appointed a commission of experts to investigate the meatpacking industry. In 1906, Roosevelt pushed for the passage of the Meat Inspection Act.b. Which legislation helped solve the problem?In 1906, Congress passed the MeatInspectionAct, requiring strict cleanliness for the meatindustries. Congress also passed the Pure Food and Drug Act, requiring truthful labels on medicines and haltering the sale ofcontaminatedfoods. 5. SHRINKING WILDERNESS AND NATURAL RESOURCESa. What steps did Roosevelt take to solve the problem?Roosevelt set aside 1.5 million acres of water-power sites and another 80 million acres of land that experts from the U.S Geological Survey would explore for mineral and water resources. In addition, Roosevelt also established more than 50 wildlifesanctuariesandseveralnational parks. Roosevelt named Gifford Pinchot as head of the U.S Forest Service in 1905. b. Which legislation helped solve the problem?The National Reclamation Act of 1902 established theprecedentthat the federal government would manage the precious waterresourcesof the West.
6. RACIAL DISCRIMINATIONa. What steps did Roosevelt take to solve the problem?
Roosevelt failed to support civil rights forAfricanAmericans. However, Roosevelt supported a fewindividualAfrican Americas. He appointed an African American as head of the Charleston customhouse. Some whites in Mississippi refused to accept the black postmistress Roosevelt hasassigned, instead of giving in he chose to close down the station. In one incident, many African Americans were angry with Roosevelt when he dismissed an entire regiment of AfricanAmericansoldiers accused of conspiracy.
b. Which legislation helped solve the problem?
none.Explain the importance of each of the following:7. Square Deal: Roosevelt"s "Square Deals" were important because they aimed to help middle class citizens while at the same time protecting bigbusinesses.8. The Jungle:The Jungle, written by Upton Sinclair, was extremely important because it led to the Meat Inspection Act, which required strict cleanliness for meatpackers. 9. Upton Sinclair:
Upton Sinclair was important because his book The Jungle was read by thousands includingRooseveltwho responded by appointing acommissionof experts toinvestigatethe meatpacking industry. The general public became aware of how unclean andcontaminatedthe meat products were and acted quickly in response to the horrific conditions in the factories.
10. NAACP
:The NAACP (The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) aimed for full equality among races. The NAACP was important because itcombinedboth blacks and whites together to try and end racial injustice.11. Meat Inspection Act:The passage of the Meat Inspection Act dictated strict cleanliness requirements for the meat industry. This act was extremely important because it prevented the passage of tainted meat. The MeatInspectionAct was mainly in response to the publication of The Jungle. 12. Pure Food & Drug Act:
The Pure Food & Drug Act, passed by Congress in 1906, was important because it called for truth in labeling. Although this act did not ban harmful products, it requiredtruthfulnessin labeling which reflected the progressive belief that people would act wisely when givenaccurateinformation.

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13. Significance of the 1902 Coal Miners’ Strike:
The miners of the 1902 Coal Miners" Strike won a 10 percent pay hike and a shorter, nine house workday. The actionsRoosevelttook to deal with this strike were important because they allowed the federal government to step in when a strike was threatening the public welfare. This incidentreflectedthe progressive belief that disputes could be settled in an orderly way with the help of experts.
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