Lions and tigers are among the most ferocious animals but there are important differences between them. They are both among the five big cats (the other three being the jaguar, leopard, and snow leopard) and are apex predators — i.e., they have no predators of their own and reside at the top of their food chain.

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Lions typically inhabit savanna and grassland, although they may take to bush and forest. Lions are unusually social compared to other cats. The male lion is highly distinctive and is easily recognized by its mane. The lion, particularly the face of the male, is one of the most widely recognized animal symbols in human culture. It has been extensively depicted in literature, in sculptures, in paintings, on national flags, and in films.

Native to the mainland of Asia, the tiger is the largest feline species in the world. The Bengal Tiger is the most common subspecies of tiger, constituting approximately 80% of the entire tiger population, and is found in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Nepal. It is the national animal of India. An endangered species, the majority of the world"s tigers now live in captivity.


Lion versus Tiger comparison charts
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LionTigerIntroduction (from Wikipedia) Family Class Order Weight Subfamily Genus Species Conservation status Coloring Binomial name Scientific name Diet Distinctive feature Speed Hunting behavior Litter size Hunting Brain size Number in wild Habitat range Main Prey Population Status Habitat how blends into habitat Striking Strength (Max. mass x speed) Life Span Avg. Meat required for food Teeth and Jaws Body Length (mm) Other food sources Sexual Maturity of Cubs Head and body Length Reproduction Mother nurses cubs for Height Tail length Record weight Origin visible features Tail (mm) Physical Strength
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The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the four big cats in the genus Panthera and a member of the family Felidae. With some males exceeding 250 kg (550 lb) in weight, it is the largest cat species apart from the tiger. The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest cat species, reaching a total body length of up to 3.38 m (11.1 ft) over curves and exceptionally weighing up to 420 kg (857 lb) in the wild.
Felidae (cat) Felidae (cat)
Mammalia Mammalia
Carnivora Carnivora
At least 331–550 lbs for males, and 243–401 lbs for females 200-670 pounds (males); 140-370 pounds (females)
Pantherinae Pantherinae
Panthera Panthera
P.leo P. tigris
Near Threatened Endangered
coat: tan tail fur/mane:dark brown orange with brown-black stripes (Siberian Tigers are whiter)
Panthera leo Panthera Tigris
Panthera leo Panthera tigris
carnivore carnivore
A mane ranging in color from tan to black Stripes all over the body
45-50 miles Per Hour Adult tigers can run as fast as 30-40 miles per hour in short bursts. But tigers of the Amur subspecies can run up to 50 miles per hour.
Mostly diurnal Nocturnal - Ambushes prey
Avg. 1 - 2 Avg. 2 - 4
Most females hunt together night to make it harder on the prey to see them, but they will sometimes hunt in the daytime. They have three important hunting strategies; that vary based on the prey. The ambush, the blitz, and the siege. hunts alone during night (nocturnal)
Has the largest brain out of all the big cat species except the tiger. Largest brain and reaches maturity faster than other big cats. Their brain is 25% larger than a li~ above .
unknown 3,000 to 4,000 (Majority of them are in India)
Africa and India South (India and Bangladesh), Southeast and Eastern Asia
Medium to large ungulates, most notably thompson"s gazelle, zebra, wildebeest, impala, warthog, hartebeest, waterbuck, cape buffalo, giraffe Large animals such as deer, buffalo and wild pigs, but they will also hunt fish, monkeys, birds, reptiles and sometimes even baby elephants. Occasionally, tigers kill leopards, bears and other tigers.They also hunt Gaur and Indian Rhinos.
Asiatic - endangered, Others - vulnerable Critically Endangered
Rich grasslands of East Africa to sands of Kalahari Desert, South Sahara to South Africa, excluding the Congo rain forest and India"s Gir forest. Lions like to live in open woodlands and thick bush, scrub, and tall grassy areas. India to Siberia and South East Asia. They are also found in grassland and swamp margins. They require sufficient cover, a good population of large prey and a constant water supply. But coexisted with lions before the end of the 19th century (India).
tan coloring to match dry grasses Stripes to resemble shadows of the forest and black ears with white spot on back like eyes.
550 x 50= 27500 But on average, they hit equally hard. 670 x 50= 33500 (Amur subspecies) But on average, they hit equally hard.
Avg. 12 years in the wild for males and 15-16 years in the wild for females. Avg. 15 - 20 Years; 20-26 years in captivity
11 - 60 lbs also 57 for large males The number of lions in the pride may vary. Tigers may consume up to 40 kg (88 pounds) of meat at one time. It is estimated that every tiger consumes about 50 deer-sized animals each year, about one per week.
3.2 in. canines and heavy pressure jaws. Has a bite force of ~1000 PSI. Has more well developed incisors and molars- thus, a stronger bite force at the molars. Wide mouth that has strong teeth 3.6 in. canines. Also has a bite force of ~1000 PSI, but the larger saggital crest on top of the skull gives it a more powerful bite at the canines.
At least 4.6-5.7 ft for females, and 5.6-8.2 ft for males 2000 - 3300 (2 - 3.3 meters)
Opportunistic and will readily scavenge the kills of cheetahs, leopards, wild dogs and hyenas. Will strictly eat only meat hunted by self. When old, will depend on either smaller preys requiring less effort or on other tigers of the pack.
24 - 28 Months in Captivity; 36 - 46 Months in Wild 24 - 28 Months in Captivity; 36 - 46 Months in Wild
At least 4.6-5.7 ft for females, and 5.6-8.2 ft for males 8.2 - 13ft in males; 6.6-9ft in females.
Females will give birth after a gestation period of 100-110 days Females will give birth after a gestation of 104 days
10 - 12 Months 18 - 24 Months
At least 3.5-3.9 ft for males, and 2.6-3.5 ft for females Adult tigers are 2.3 to 4.0 ft tall at shoulder height.
27.6-40.8 inches 24-43.2 inches
Captive males: Approximately 454 kg (1,000 lbs) Wild male: 691 lbs Captive Male:1025 lbs=465 kgs Wild male: 857 lbs
Africa and India Asia
light yellow black stripes can be light orange or white
700 - 1000 600 - 1100
Are ~60% muscle, and have higher density bones than tigers. In terms of bone strength, lions are stronger.

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Tigers are ~60-70% muscle, but have lower bone density than lions. In terms of muscular strength, tigers are stronger.