Zirconium

element 40 of periodic table is Zirconium through atomic number 40, atomic load 91.224. Zirconium, price Zr, has a simple Hexagonal structure and Silver color. Zirconium is a shift metal element. Understand everything around Zirconium Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Zirconium is a chemical facet with price Zr and atomic number 40. The surname of zirconium is taken indigenous the name of the mineral zircon, the many important source of zirconium. Words zircon originates from the Persian native zargun زرگون, an interpretation "gold-colored".

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Zirconium Facts

Read an essential information and also facts about element Zirconium

name Zirconium
atomic Number 40
atom Symbol Zr
Atomic weight 91.224
phase Solid
shade Silver
Classification transition metal
team in routine Table 4
Group Name titanium family members
duration in routine Table 5
Block in routine Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 4d2 5s2
Melting allude 1855 °C
Boiling suggest 4409 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 18, 10, 2>
CAS Number CAS7440-67-7

ar
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
72
Hf
73
Ta
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to find Zirconium on periodic Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number rises from left to right. Routine table beginning at height left ( atom number 1) and ends in ~ bottom right (atomic number 118). As such you can directly look because that atomic number 40 to discover Zirconium on routine table.

Another method to read routine table and locate an element is through using group number (column) and duration number (row). To locate Zirconium on routine table look because that cross section of group 4 and duration 5 in the modern periodic table.

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Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Zirconium with other elements

Zirconium History

The element Zirconium was discovered by martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany . Zirconium obtained its name from Persian Zargun, "gold-colored"; German Zirkoon, "jargoon"

Zirconium Presence: abundance in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Zirconium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in universe 5×10-6%
variety in sunlight 4×10-6%
diversity in Meteorites 6.6e-06
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 0.00013
diversity in oceans 2.6×10-9%
diversity in humans 5×10-6%

Crystal structure of Zirconium

The heavy state framework of Zirconium is Simple Hexagonal.

The decision structure have the right to be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats chin in 3 dimensional space to form the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which space the lengths the the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
323.2 323.2 514.7 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 2 π/3

The location of the atoms within the unit cell are defined by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are explained by the principle of room groups. All feasible symmetric kinds of corpuscle in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 room groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are considered distinct.

an are Group name P63/mmc
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an are Group Number 194
Crystal framework Simple Hexagonal

Zirconium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Zirconium atoms have actually 40 electrons and the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 10, 2> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F2.


atomic Number 40
Number of electrons (with no charge) 40
Number the Protons 40
Mass Number 91
Number of Neutrons 51
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 10, 2>
Electron configuration 4d2 5s2
Valence Electrons 4d2 5s2
Oxidation State -2 1;2;3;4
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F2

Shell framework of Zirconium - electron per power level


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Ground State electronic Configuration the Zirconium - neutral Zirconium atom

The soil state electronic configuration that Neutral Zirconium atom is 4d2 5s2. The section of Zirconium configuration that is identical to the noble gas the the coming before period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with countless electrons, this notation can become prolonged and so an abbreviation notation is used.This is vital as that is the Valence electron 4d2 5s2, electrons in the outermost shell that identify the chemical properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral Zirconium

Complete floor state electronic configuration for the Zirconium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d2 5s2

Atomic framework of Zirconium

Zirconium atom radius is 206 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 148 pm.

atom Radius

206 afternoon (2.06 Å)

Atomic Volume 14.0107510367 cm3
Covalent Radius 148 pm (1.48 Å)
van der Waals Radius N/A
ghost Cross ar 0.184 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Zirconium

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Zirconium chemistry Properties: Zirconium Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity that Zirconium is 41.1 kJ/mol

Valence 4
Electronegativity 1.33
ElectronAffinity 41.1 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Zirconium

Refer come table below for Ionization energies that Zirconium

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 640.1
2 1270
3 2218
4 3313
5 7752
6 9.5×103

Zirconium physical Properties

Refer to listed below table for Zirconium physical Properties

thickness 6.511 g/cm3
Molar Volume 14.0107510367 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 68 GPa
Shear Modulus 33 GPa
mass Modulus N/A
Poisson proportion 0.34

Hardness the Zirconium - test to measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 5 MPa
Vickers Hardness 903 MPa
Brinell Hardness 650 MPa

Zirconium electric Properties

Zirconium is Conductor the electricity. Describe table below for the electric properties of Zirconium

electric Conductivity 2.4×106 S/m
Resistivity 4.2×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting suggest 0.61

Zirconium Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 23 W/(m K)
Thermal development 5.7×10-6 K-1

Zirconium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Paramagnetic
Curie point N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility 1.68×10-8
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 1.53×10-9
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 0.000109

Optical properties of Zirconium

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic nature of Zirconium

speed of Sound 3.8×103 m/s

Zirconium thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table below for heat properties of Zirconium

Melting point 2128 K (1855 °C)
Boiling point 4682 K (4409 °C)
an important Temperature N/A
Superconducting point 0.61

Enthalpies that Zirconium

heat of fusion 21 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 580 kJ/mol
heat of burning N/A

Zirconium isotope - atom Properties of Zirconium

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally developing Zirconium has actually 4 steady isotope - 90Zr, 91Zr, 92Zr, 94Zr.


Isotope Isotope mass % abundance T fifty percent Decay mode
78Zr
79Zr
80Zr
81Zr
82Zr
83Zr
84Zr
85Zr
86Zr
87Zr
88Zr
89Zr
90Zr 51.45% stable N/A
91Zr 11.22% steady N/A
92Zr 17.15% secure N/A
93Zr
94Zr 17.38% stable N/A
95Zr
96Zr 2.8%
97Zr
98Zr
99Zr
100Zr
101Zr
102Zr
103Zr
104Zr
105Zr
106Zr
107Zr
108Zr
109Zr
110Zr

Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-67-7
RTECS Number N/A
dot Hazard course 4.2
period Numbers 2008
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA risks N/A
NFPA health and wellness Rating 1
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinct identifiers to search the element in miscellaneous chemical registry databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7440-67-7
CID Number CID23995
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number N/A

Compare Zirconium through all Group 4 elements

Zirconium vs Titanium Zirconium vs Hafnium Zirconium vs Rutherfordium

Compare Zirconium through all transition metal elements

Zirconium vs Scandium Zirconium vs Titanium Zirconium vs Vanadium Zirconium vs Chromium Zirconium vs Manganese Zirconium vs iron Zirconium vs Cobalt Zirconium vs Nickel Zirconium vs Copper Zirconium vs Zinc Zirconium vs Yttrium Zirconium vs Niobium Zirconium vs Molybdenum Zirconium vs Technetium Zirconium vs Ruthenium Zirconium vs Rhodium Zirconium vs Palladium Zirconium vs silver- Zirconium vs Cadmium Zirconium vs Hafnium Zirconium vs Tantalum Zirconium vs Tungsten Zirconium vs Rhenium Zirconium vs Osmium Zirconium vs Iridium Zirconium vs Platinum Zirconium vs gold Zirconium vs Mercury Zirconium vs Rutherfordium Zirconium vs Dubnium Zirconium vs Seaborgium Zirconium vs Bohrium Zirconium vs Hassium Zirconium vs Meitnerium Zirconium vs Darmstadtium Zirconium vs Roentgenium Zirconium vs Copernicium