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Windows 7 was launched in October 2009 as a way to make the computer more user-friendly, as well as offer some upgrades on the already present Windows Vista system. While, Vista sought to offer many new features, Windows 7 was launched as an upgrade that was designed to work with Vista-compatible applications and hardware. The main change that was offered with Windows 7 was the new Taskbar that was dubbed as ‘Superbar’. The main reason for the launch of Windows 7 was to make a more user-friendly windows system and incorporate the new features of Windows Vista that were appealing to the people, but failed when Vista tanked.
The new features that were introduced on Windows 7 included: extended support for Vista themes, gadgets side bar that allowed users to add calendar, clock and other such gadgets on the desktop, Windows Explorer supports Libraries (which shows all virtual folders and content in a unified view), changes to the Start Menu, shut down button has been altered with more options only available if the arrow is clicked, jump lists on the taskbar when hovered on right-clicked on, search box has been extended to support items in Control Panel. Additional features include Aero Snap and Aero Shake. When Windows is dragged to the top right hand side of the screen it automatically maximized and minimizes when it is pulled away. In Aero Shake, shaking a window on the screen will only keep the shaken window active and the rest of windows will minimize. Additional keyboard shortcuts have been introduced.
Diffen.com lists the shortcuts as:Win+Space operates as a keyboard shortcut for Aero Peek.Win+Up and Win+Down are new shortcuts for Maximize and Restore/Minimize.Win+Shift+Up vertically maximises the current windowWin+Left and Win+Right snap the current window to the left or right half of the current display; successive keypresses will move the window to other monitors in a multi-monitor configuration.Win+Shift+Left and Win+Shift+Right move the current window to the left or right display.Win+ + and Win+ - (minus sign) zoom the desktop in and out.Win+Home operates as a keyboard shortcut for Aero Shake.Win+P shows an "external display options" selector that gives the user the choice of showing the desktop on only the computer"s screen, only the external display, on both at the same time (mirroring), or on both displays with independent desktops (extending).Shift + Click, or Middle click starts a new instance of the application, regardless of whether it"s already running.Ctrl + Shift + Click starts a new instance with Administrator privileges; by default, a User Account Control prompt will be displayed.Shift + Right-click shows the classic Window menu (Restore / Minimize / Move / etc); right-clicking on the application"s thumbnail image will also show this menu. If the icon being clicked on is a grouped icon, the classic menu with Restore All / Minimize All / Close All menu is shown. Ctrl + Click on a grouped icon cycles between the windows (or tabs) in the group.
Windows 7 was launched in six different editions: Home Premium Edition, Professional Edition, Ultimate Edition, Starter Edition, Enterprise Edition and Home Basic Edition. The first three editions were available for retail sale for consumers, while the Starter edition was preinstalled by OEM, the Enterprise edition only by volume licensing, and Home Basic only to certain developing countries" markets.The Windows 7 was a hit with many of the Microsoft customers and was used widely as an operating system. The Windows 7 required a 1 GHz processor, 1 GB RAM, DirectX 9 graphics processor with WDDM driver model 1.0, 16-20 GB (depending on architecture) free disk space and a DVD-ROM drive.
The Windows XP offered customers a better Start Menu and task bar and added additional features such as translucent blue selection rectangle, drop shadows for icon labels, task-based side bars in Explorer, ability to lock taskbar, ability to group taskbar buttons together, etc. These added a more appealing look to the plain interface that was available in the older versions. The company offered two major editions of the operating system: Windows XP Home Edition and Windows XP Professional Edition. The Home Edition was for users and was pre-installed in systems, while the professional edition was offered for business users and offered advanced features. The company added a third Windows XP Media Center Edition that allowed users to incorporate new digital media, broadcast television and Media Center Extender capabilities. These were not for commercial sales but were available as OEMs. The system requires 233 MHz clock speed, 64 GB RAM, Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher resolution, 1.5 GB or higher HDD space, CD-ROM drive, keyboard and mouse and sound card, speakers or headphones.
Proprietary commercial software
Proprietary commercial software
October 22, 2009
October 25, 2001
February 22, 2011
April 21, 2008
IA-32 and x86-64
IA-32, x86-64 and Itanium
Physical Memory Limits
2 – 192 GB depending on the version and architecture.
4 GB-128 GB depending on the version and the architecture.
32 for 32-bit, 256 for 64-bit
32 for 32-bit, 64 for 64-bit
|Touch and handwriting recognitionSupport for virtual hard disksImproved performance on multi-core processorsImproved boot performanceDirectAccessKernel improvementsTaskbarNew version of Windows Media CenterXPS Essential PackNew calculatorJump ListsShow desktop button shifted to right-hand size13 Additional Sound SchemesWindow borders and the taskbar do not turn opaque when a window is maximizedAllows more customizationA new version of Microsoft Virtual PC, newly renamed as Windows Virtual PCSupports the mounting of a virtual hard disk (VHD) as normal data storage.The Remote Desktop Protocol supports real-time multimedia application.Shadow CopyImproved backup and restoreNew Extended Linguistic Services APIBetter support for solid-state drives, including the new TRIM commandNew networking API with support for building SOAP-based web services in native code.||GDI+ graphics subsystemDirectX 8.1 upgradeable to DirectX 9.0cImproved TaskbarNew features (task panes, tiles, improved sorting and grouping, built-in CD player, Autoplay, Simple File Sharing, etc.)Kernel enhancementsFaster start-upAbility to discard a newer device driver in favor of previous one.More user-friendly interfaceFast user switchingClearType Font rendering mechanism.New networking features (Windows Firewall, Internet Connection Sharing integration with UPnP, NAT traversal APIs, Quality of Service features, IPv6 and Teredo tunneling, etc.)Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop features.New security featuresSide-by-side assembliesImproved media featuresHandwriting recognition, speech recognition and digital ink support.Improved application compatibility and shims compared to Windows 2000Updated accessories and games|
|Classic Start Menu user interfaceFew Taskbar featuresWindows Explorer featuresWindows Media Player featuresInkBallWindows Photo Gallery, Windows Movie Maker, Windows Calendar and Windows Mail.|
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|CD Player, DVD Player and Imaging for WindowsNetBEUI and NetDDE are deprecated.DLC and AppleTalk network protocols are removed.Plug-and-play–incompatible communication devices are not supported.Service Pack 2 and Service Pack 3 also remove features from Windows XP.|